Third-Person Writing Makes Your Essay Sound More Assertive.

Okay, you're ready to write your research proposal. Here are some ideasto help with the task:

Your topic may change.How to Write a Thesis Statement.

When you are referring to the work of other authors, you will usually paraphrase (summarise and express in your own words) what they have said. In this case, the reference will only provide the author’s name and the year of publication, for instance: (Miller, 2009). You should only use direct citations (i.e. using the author’s words), when the author presents a specific or unique concept or an expression that cannot easily be paraphrased, or when the author, as in the example below, is a well-known authority whose summary of a report should be given in his/her own words. If the citation is a short one, it is not necessary to indent it and you should put it in single inverted commas. In addition to the author’s name and year of publication, the page number is given, for example:

The thesis tells the can be written in the first-person point of view.

The first These examples illustrate the different ways to write.

This chapter presents the (1) background and (2) the aim and objectives of your study, i.e. the relevance of topic; the reasons for your interest in it, and (briefly, because this will be dealt with in more detail in the Literature Review) the current knowledge of the topic. You may ‘frame’ your own research here, stating that is a need for doing that research to fill knowledge gaps (for instance, teaching learning strategies may have been well researched in other contexts, but not in yours). At this point, you may want to point out what your research is going to contribute to existing knowledge in your field.
Leading on from (1) and (2), you may state your (3) Research questions. However, it may be better to state the research questions at the end of Chapter 2, the Literature Review, after you have considered the current research findings and discussion of the topic.
Next, provide an (4) Outline of your dissertation with a brief overview of the following chapters.

The term ‘argument’ is referred to in different ways in academic writing. On the one hand, it means a claim that is based on a warrant (see 5.4.), rather than an opinion that is not supported by any evidence. In an academic paper, on the other hand, it means the way in which you explain and develop your topic. In this sense, ‘argument’ encompasses: (1) a logical structure of your paper in which –sometimes- contradictory claims are discussed, and which enables the reader to follow, through signposting and headings, how you deal with the topic, (2) your critical analysis of existing literature from the viewpoint of your own experience and/or research, and (3) the development of your own stance, based on your literature review and your own experience/research. Considering the range of possible topics, there is no template for developing an argument, but the following steps may help.


Avoid using the first person "I" or "we.".

32. I hope you don't try circulating chapters of your dissertationto your committee members as you are writing them. I find this practiceto be most annoying and one that creates considerable problems for thestudent. You must work closely with your dissertation director. He/sheis the person you want to please. Develop a strategy with the dissertationdirector regarding how and when your writing should be shared. Only afteryour dissertation director approves of what you have done should you attemptto share it with the rest of the committee. And by then it's time for thedefense. If you prematurely share sections of your writing with committeemembers you will probably find yourself in a situation where one committeemember tells you to do one thing and another member says to do somethingelse. What should you do? The best answer is not to get yourself into sucha predicament. The committee meeting (the defense) allows the concernsof committee members to surface in a dialogical atmosphere where opposingviews can be discussed and resolved.

Essential steps for developing an argument:

It is important to learn how to use library facilities and internet search engines efficiently. You must always make notes of where you found information and always acknowledge your sources properly.
It was emphasised earlier that you must not just report what you have read in the literature, but take a critical approach towards the claims made by the authors you cite. This critical stance means that you need to carefully examine the arguments and evidence with which authors support their claims. Next, you need to bring together, compare and evaluate the –often contradictory- claims of various authors.

The Best Way to Write a Thesis Statement (with Examples)

31. Find opportunities to discuss your research with your friends andcolleagues. Listen carefully to their questions. See if you are able topresent your research in a clear and coherent manner. Are there aspectsof your research that are particularly confusing and need further explanation?Are there things that you forgot to say? Could you change the order ofthe information presented and have it become more understandable?