The Thesis/Dissertation Defense

... the realization that you are fulfilling an academic requirement,

Stage 2 - Preparing the Proposal

The outline gives an overview of the main points of your thesis. It clarifies the structure of your thesis and helps you find the correct focus for your work. The outline can also be used in supervision sessions, especially in the beginning. You might find that you need to restructure your thesis. Working on your outline can then be a good way of making sense of the necessary changes. A good outline shows how the different parts relate to each other, and is a useful .

Stage 3- Conducting the Research

Stage 4- Writing the Research Paper*

31. Find opportunities to discuss your research with your friends andcolleagues. Listen carefully to their questions. See if you are able topresent your research in a clear and coherent manner. Are there aspectsof your research that are particularly confusing and need further explanation?Are there things that you forgot to say? Could you change the order ofthe information presented and have it become more understandable?

How do you know that you have drafted a research question? Most importantly, a research question is something that . If not, you have probably come up with a theme or field, not a question.


To make a paragraph about articles that have contradictory findings:

4. Don't begin your thinking by assuming that yourresearch will draw international attention to you!! Instead, berealistic in setting your goal. Make sure your expectations are temperedby:

To make a paragraph about articles with similar findings:

Just think about it: If you try to come up with research questions before you have taken notes on ALL recent research studies about your topic, how do you know you are not going to seek answers to research questions that have already been answered by other scholars? Even if you have reviewed 90% of the recent books and articles relevant to your topic, there is still a 10% chance you will be answering a question that someone else already answered... and your project will be a meaningless waste of time.

For the contents in the various sections you may also confer

If you can keep these ideas in mind while you're thinking through yourresearch you stand an excellent chance of having your research projectturn out well.

Note: Shorter assignments do not require abstracts and forewords.

On the other hand, if you spend plenty of time on the literature review, you will feel confident every step of the way. Have you ever met a graduate student who said s/he was "stuck" on part of the dissertation/thesis? They get stuck because they have not read enough of the relevant literature. Your literature review not only prepares you to express a new idea (one that perhaps builds on an idea expressed in another research study) but also gets you familiar with the research method used by other people studying your topic.

Your introduction should include:

I know it's still early in your thinking but it's never too early to create a draft of a timeline. Try using the 6 Stages (see the next item) and put a start and a finish time for each. Post your timeline in a conspicuous place (above your computer monitor?) so that it continually reminds you how you're doing. Periodically update your timeline with new dates as needed.

The sections below discuss each of these elements in turn.

Let's say three. Three is a good number. It's not necessary for you to read hundreds of pages of relevant literature. All you need to do is read the literature reviews written by other people who covered your topic.