Objections to the Ontological Argument - existence-of …

The ontological argument was introduced by Anselm of Canterbury in his book Proslogion.

The ontological argument for the existence of god essay

Text of a lecture course given at Freiburg in the winter semester of 1941. Following a discussion of the title of the course, or "concepts of ground", Heidegger devotes half of the course to what the ontological difference "is", and the other half to two fragments from Anaximander.

In this case, the discussion is on Saint Anselm and his Ontological Argument.

Ontological Security – what’s behind this new theory trending in IR

Both views are neutral prima facie with respect to any consideration concerning creative music systems. Since a musical work is nothing besides its performances, all the ontological weight is put on the performances of the work, and issues concerning the composition of musical works have no place in this ontological approach. Under these views of musical works as concrete objects, musical works come into existence by means of their first performance, and no appeal to the composer’s activity is needed here. Therefore, being neutral with respect to what it is to compose a musical work, nominalism and perdurantism are answers to the categorial question that are unproblematic when applied to the phenomenon of computer music. However, and for the same reason, these views lack explanatory power in comparison with Platonism. Since they pay no attention to what it is to compose a musical work, they offer no explanation concerning the activity of creative music systems. If musical works are concrete objects and they come into existence through their first performance, then the performers, not the composers, are the individuals that create or discover musical works. The performer, playing a work for the first time, is giving rise to the first element of a class of performances or, alternatively, is giving rise to the first temporal part of a perduring entity, and in both cases we can ascribe to that performer the creation of the work. If so, what is then the role of composers if they are not the creators or the discoverers of the work? Perdurantism has no answer to this question. Nominalism could claim that the role of the composer is to create a score. However, in creating the score, the composer is not creating the musical work but merely giving some instructions for making a certain class of performances. Nonetheless, this is a poor account of the activity and role of composers in musical practices, and offers no explanation of their originality and creativity. These views could explain, at best, something concerning computer-generated music in sounds, but they say nothing about the phenomenon of computer-generated music scores. By contrast, musical Platonism provides an explanation of the activity, role and status of composers by means of the notion of creative-evaluative discovery. Therefore, although nominalism and perdurantism are unproblematic views in approaching creative music systems, Platonism is a preferable alternative because it is a view that is more powerfully explanatory.

Ontology of music, algorithmic composition, ontological categories, creativity, evolutionary theory

With “Plenty”—a collection, for the most part, of his favorite vegetarian columns—the vegetables stood alone, their ontological status deliciously revealed.

I will first explain what is the ontological argument for the existence of God.

What are the strengths of the Ontological Argument for …

If the ontological argument works, then, according to Gaunilo, the argument for the existence of the perfect island works too. The two arguments have the same logical form, and so they stand or fall together. The argument for the existence of the perfect island, though, is clearly spurious; we have no reason to believe that the perfect island exists. Gaunilo’s argument must be rejected. Unless the theist can point to some relevant difference between his argument for the existence of God and Gaunilo’s argument for the existence of the perfect island, then, then he will have to abandon the ontological argument for the existence of God.

The Ontological Argument : philosophy - Reddit

In the second part of the course, he discusses the problem of the ontological difference via Aristotle's notion of time as a series of events, and temporality and being. In the introduction to the course, he introduces the ontological difference to describe ontology.

Bibliography on the Ontological Argument: Medieval Authors

For instance, Gaunilo argued, it is possible to construct an argument with exactly the same form as the ontological argument, that purports to prove the existence of the perfect island: the perfect island must exist, for if it did not then it would be possible to conceive of an island greater than that island than which no greater can be conceived, which is absurd.

Free ontological argument Essays and Papers - …

This paper will provide a detailed view of Spinoza’s key ontological definition of God as the only substance, his attributes, and their co-relations....