Free social anxiety disorder papers, essays, and research papers.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy with a six-year-old boy with separation anxiety disorder: A case study.
SO: Health-and-Social-Work. 26(2): 125-128, May 2001.
This article is an exploratory study examining the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of separation anxiety disorder (SAD). The main clinical feature of this disorder is excessive worry about the separation from home or from the person to whom the affected person is attached. The anxiety must be beyond what is expected for the developmental level and have been present for at least four weeks. Onset of the disorder must occur before 18 years of age. A child with SAD frequently reports fears that involve being kidnapped, becoming lost, or having his or her caretaker become hurt, killed, or kidnapped. When a child with SAD expects to be separated from his or her caretaker or when separation has just occurred, the child displays significant subjective distress. The child may cry, shake, express terror, and have autonomic symptoms of anxiety such as palpitations and hyperventilation. The prevalence of SAD is estimated to be about 4% in children and young adolescents. (Journal abstract.)
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Impact of cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder on comorbidity: A
AU: Tsao-J-C-I; Mystkowski-J-L; Zucker-B-G; Craske-M-G
SO: Behaviour-Research-and-Therapy. 43(7): 959-970, July 2005.
This study examined the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for principal panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, on comorbidity in 30 individuals (16 female). To test the hypothesis that improvements in co-existing conditions were not due to spontaneous fluctuations across time, patients receiving immediate CBT were compared to those assigned to wait list (n = 11). Results indicated clinician-rated severity of comorbid specific phobia declined significantly following immediate CBT compared to no change after wait list. The number of patients without comorbidity of any severity increased after immediate CBT, with no such increase following wait list. However, the groups did not differ in the frequency of additional diagnoses or overall severity of comorbidity. In the total sample, results indicated reductions in comorbidity by 9-month follow-up, with marked declines in the severity of comorbid by 9-month follow-up, with marked declines in the severity of comorbid generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social and specific phobia. Findings suggested that targeted CBT for panic disorder has beneficial effects on comorbidity over the longer term and that some of its immediate effects exceed those due to the passage of time alone. (Journal abstract.)
An empirical investigation of the Bowenian concept of triangulation and its relationship to separation anxiety disorder.
DA: Adelphi Univ., DSW, Dec. 2001.
AB: Based on Murray Bowen’s concept of triangulation, this study examined the emotional relationship among the father, mother, and child, and whether or not it contributes to the occurrence of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in the child. The sample included 19 SAD children and 65 non-clinical children between the ages of seven and 12. Respondents completed the Nuclear Family Triangulation Scale for Children and the Anxiety Disorders Interview Scale–children’s version. Data collection occurred over one year. Findings of the study indicate that children who met symptom
criteria for SAD based on the ADIS-C perceived themselves as more triangulated than those children who did not meet the criteria. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between the degree of triangulation and the number of SAD symptoms. These results suggest that the emotional dynamics that transpire among the father, mother, and child may contribute, in some measures, to SAD symptoms in the child.