Synoptic Problem Website: Synoptic Problem FAQ
Some calculations put the material distinct to Mark at 3-5%
3% of Mark is unique to Mark.
45% of Matthew is unique to Matthew.
41% of Luke is unique to Luke.
92% of John is unique to John
(percentages vary depending on whether you count verses, English words, or Greek words.)
Theories of Interdependce
Literary Independence (no literary interdependence)
Ur-Gospel (in Aramaic)
Augustinian Hypothesis (Matthew-Mark-Luke)
Griesbach Hypothesis (Matthew-Luke-Mark)
Farrer/Goulder/Goodacre Hypothesis (Mark-Matthew-Luke)
Oxford/2-Source/4-Source Hypothesis (Mark-Q-M-Matthew-L-Luke)
Synoptic” = “seen together”
Matthew, Mark, & Luke tell the story with a similarity that is not shared with John.
Basics 1.1 What is the synoptic problem
MK begins by noting two positive arguments supporting Goodacre's argument for the Farrer hypothesis also known as the Farrer-Goulder hypothesis that Mark. Esis as the Farrer–Goulder hypothesis or, less commonly, the Goulder–Drury. things in historical perspective, or the Goulder–Drury–Goodacre hypothesis. But.
It is the near-universal position of scholarship that the Gospel of Matthew is dependent upon the Gospel of Mark. This position is accepted whether one subscribes to the dominant Two-Source Hypothesis or instead prefers the Farrer-Goulder hypothesis.