Damage to the due its collision with HMS . (Click to enlarge)

This is supposed to show 's wheelhouse as being straight rather than curved.

Refer to this for more information on the name on the wreck.

While the was primarily designed to transport cotton, there is absolutely no evidence that it had a"cargo of a few thousand woolly jumpers and blankets." The fact is that the 's cargo manifest does not exist. To prove this claima manifest needs to be presented (and in the grand scheme of things and the overwhelming evidence a 'switch' did not take place would prove very little anyway).

Dennis Fench, who relayed the story told to him by "Paddy the Pig".

However it is definitely not logical. Firstly, how would White Star believe they could pull something likethis off when no doubt hundreds of crew would see water pouring into the ship through the seacocks. Did they think they would just stand there and watch?Additionally, especially as the ship was being labelled "practically unsinkable" how would they explain this 'mysterious' flooding to the inquiries that would no doubt take place afterward? For a company that has miraculously been able to switch ships including hundreds of thousands of numbers on the back of wooden panels, without anyone knowing, this seems a rather farfetched and unlikely plan. But more important than that, what evidence does Gardiner provide for such a plan, or even the existence of seacocks on ? Of course there is none. It is pure speculation about a 'switch' that didn't happen.

The fact remains, if there were such large structural differences between the ships, how is it they are not noticeable in photographs and also spottedby passengers and crew familiar with the ?

Difference Between Hypothesis and Aim | Difference Between

There are two keys errors in this hypothesis. Firstly was not a "steel double-hulled vessel". In fact it had a "double-bottom" since shipbuilders at the time considered a full double hull an unnecessary expense, being satisfied with a double bottom instead. After the disaster this all changed. So there is nothing surprising with the fact that an iceberg caused enough damage to the starboard side (not bottom) of the hull so as to breach watertight compartments that eventually led to its sinking.

Difference between Hypothesis and Theory

This is where Gardiner's theory starts to get even more bizarre. Not content with an insurance scam 'switch' he also proposes that (really ) hit, not an iceberg, but an IMM rescue ship that was drifting with its lights out. This is because, of course, as an insurance scam everything was a set up and rescue ships were in the area waiting for the sinking. Gardiner bases this hypothesis on the idea that the supposed iceberg was seen at such a short distance by the lookouts because it was actually a darkened ship.

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Secondly, there are many eyewitness accounts and descriptions of an iceberg. These include: Lookout Fredrick Fleet, Quartermaster George Rowe, Quartermaster Alfred Olliver,Edith Rosenbaum, George Rhiems, Albert Dick and Vera Dick and William Sloper. And they were not the only ones. Survivor Lawrence Beesley wrote about men in the smoking room sighting the iceberg in his book, "The Loss of the SS Titanic":

Giant-impact hypothesis - Wikipedia

Leading Fireman Frederick Barrett testified before the British Wreck Commission that on the day of the collision3 additional double-ended boilers were lit up about 8 a.m. (although they take 12 hours before they are put online) and he was sure that the ship’s five auxiliarysingle-ended boilers in Boiler Room No. 1 were never lit at all. He also confirmed that the ship was doing seventy-five revolutions, not 80 as was possible.

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Firstly it must be pointed out that was technically not going "full steam" at the time of the collision. 's speed was investigated by Mark Chirnside and Samuel Halpern in their article entitled "Speed and More Speed" from which the following information is taken. According to Bruce Ismay's testimony before the British Wreck Commission they planned to increasethe number of revolutions some time on Monday or Tuesday to 78, which he claimed would drive the ship ather full speed if the weather cooperated. This is his testimony: