DNA and RNA structures - What Is Life?
In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, protein synthesis is very similar in its hierarchy, but differently organized in spatial arrangements and intra-cellular location.
Eukaryotes VS Prokaryotes, Cell Structure and …
This process of DNA-directed protein synthesis occurs in two stages: 1) transcription (messenger RNA synthesis: copying the genetic information from DNA to RNA) and 2) translation (polypeptide synthesis: using the genetic information in RNA to make a specific chain of amino acids).
This Concept Map, created with IHMC CmapTools, has information related to: Answers_eukaryotic cell, tubulin microtubules, actin microfilaments, polypeptide intermediate filaments functions give shape to cells lacking a cell wall, cytoskeleton consists of tubulin microtubules, actin microfilaments, polypeptide intermediate filaments, cell wall lack a cell wall protozoa, animal cells, Eukaryotic Cell structures and organelles vacuoles and vesicles, active transport examples endocytosis and exocytosis, chloroplasts description surrounded by two membranes; inner membrane forms interconnected stacks of disk-like sacs called thylakoids, contains paired, linear chromosomes, has a nuclear membrane, has nucleoli function the genetic material of the cell composed of genes that code for protein synthesis, the endomembrane system components nucleus, determines what goes in and out of the bacterium powered by a concentration gradient; does not require metabolic energy facilitated diffusion, Eukaryotic Cell structures and organelles the endomembrane system, Eukaryotic Cell structures and organelles proteasomes, ribosomes function workbench for protein synthesis, Eukaryotic Cell structures and organelles ribosomes, determines what goes in and out of the bacterium powered by a concentration gradient; does not require metabolic energy passive diffusion, Golgi complex description 3-20 flattened and stacked sac-like structures, cell wall have a cell wall algae, plants cells, fungi, long; few in number function motility, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) description parallel membranous tubules and flattened sacs surrounding the nucleus and runs throughout the cytoplasm, Eukaryotic Cell structures and organelles flagella, algae, plants cells, fungi function resists osmotic lysis