CYANINE DYES AND SYNTHESIS METHODS THEREOF - …

Photovoltaic Properties of New Cyanine-Naphthalimide Dyads Synthesized by 'Click' Chemistry.

Patent US6114350 - Cyanine dyes and synthesis …

AB - We present the synthesis and characterization of the somatostatin receptor-specific peptide H2N-(D-Phe)-cyclo[Cys-Phe-(D-Trp)-Lys-Thr-Cys]-Thr-OH, which is labeled with a carboxylated indodicarbo- and an indotricarbocyanine dye at the N-terminal amino group. The preparation was performed by automated solid-phase synthesis, with subsequent attachment of the cyanine dye and cleavage of the entire conjugate from the resin. The compounds display high molar absorbance and fluorescence quantum yields typical for cyanine dyes and are thus suitable receptor-targeted contrast agents for molecular optical imaging. The ability of these agents to target the somatostatin receptor was demonstrated by flow cytometry in vitro, in which the indotricarbocyanine conjugate led to elevated cell-associated fluorescence on somatostatin receptor-expressing tumor cells. In contrast, the corresponding linearized derivative of the sequence H2N-(D-Phe)-Met-Phe-(D-Trp)-Lys-Thr-Met-Thr-OH produced only minimal cell fluorescence, hence confirming the specificity of the cyclic somatostatin analogue. Intracellular localization could be visualized by near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence microscopy. In conclusion, receptor-specific peptides are promising tools for designing site-directed optical contrast agents for use in molecular optical imaging.

Cyanine dyes and synthesis methods thereof - …

N2 - We present the synthesis and characterization of the somatostatin receptor-specific peptide H2N-(D-Phe)-cyclo[Cys-Phe-(D-Trp)-Lys-Thr-Cys]-Thr-OH, which is labeled with a carboxylated indodicarbo- and an indotricarbocyanine dye at the N-terminal amino group. The preparation was performed by automated solid-phase synthesis, with subsequent attachment of the cyanine dye and cleavage of the entire conjugate from the resin. The compounds display high molar absorbance and fluorescence quantum yields typical for cyanine dyes and are thus suitable receptor-targeted contrast agents for molecular optical imaging. The ability of these agents to target the somatostatin receptor was demonstrated by flow cytometry in vitro, in which the indotricarbocyanine conjugate led to elevated cell-associated fluorescence on somatostatin receptor-expressing tumor cells. In contrast, the corresponding linearized derivative of the sequence H2N-(D-Phe)-Met-Phe-(D-Trp)-Lys-Thr-Met-Thr-OH produced only minimal cell fluorescence, hence confirming the specificity of the cyclic somatostatin analogue. Intracellular localization could be visualized by near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence microscopy. In conclusion, receptor-specific peptides are promising tools for designing site-directed optical contrast agents for use in molecular optical imaging.

B., A click chemistry approach to tetrazoles by Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition: synthesis of 5-sulfonyl tetrazoles from azides and sulfonyl cyanides.