Bile Acid Synthesis, Metabolism and Biological Functions
The researchers theorize that oxidant stress within the liver leads to unfavorable changes in bile composition that promote precipitation of both cholesterol and bilirubin These findings corroborate earlier studies showing that antioxidant deficiencies can induce gallstone formation in animals.
Bile Acid Synthesis and Utilization
Gamma Glutamyltransferase: GGT – This enzyme is has its highest concentration in the kidneys and pancreas, but it is also found in the liver and other organs. The major proportion of GGT in the serum seems to come from the liver. Elevations of GGT in disease seem to stem from new synthesis rather than leakage, therefore the changes seen due to disease are not spectacular. Large elevations of GGT are more commonly associated with pancreatitis and bile duct obstruction.
Vomiting (emesis), nausea, or diarrhea - Orange colored urine or mucous membranes due to jaundice.
Liver damage from Drugs
There are many medications that can cause harm including stating drugs used for cholesterol.