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This thesis explores the resettlement experiences of former African refugees in Hobart. It provides insight into their lived experiences and conceptualises displacement, place attachment, identity, belonging, place making and resettlement in the life of a refugee. It argues that current discourse on refugees resettlement in popular media, academia and among host communities lacks veracity, and offers an alternative view to enrich current knowledge and encourage further research and debate. In this study 26 people from five countries of origin (Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone and Sudan) shared their life experiences in focus group discussions and interviews. Refugee theories and literature in resettlement, place attachment, place identity, belonging and resettlement were also reviewed. To develop an account of the lived experiences of refugees and understanding of the ways in which they create places, negotiate identity and belonging in the resettlement process, phenomenology and discourse analysis are used. The refugee status of African refugees is primarily caused by armed conflict. Singling out one cause is however problematic. The situation is far more complex and the interplay of socio-economic, political and environmental factors is evident. The thesis offers a framework to understand the various socio-economic, political and environmental situations that create refugee situations. The nature of forced displacement as an immediate outcome of the refugee situation is also complex; it is both multidirectional and multidimensional. Displacement as a phenomenon invokes emotional place attachment, and the creation and recreation of places and identities. Participants‟ responses and observations show that the nature of forced displacement among African refugees creates fluidity and multiplicity in identity and belonging for young people. It can be argued that the outcome of resettlement is highly influenced by past and present social and emotional experiences. Settlers see the success of their settlement in relation to their social participation and interaction. The existence of a clear connection of past and present social and emotional experiences to resettlement and belonging is an important insight. It unsettles established resettlement planning practices which are mainly based on practical resettlement, and calls for an inclusion of the settlers‟ perspectives, which in the case of African refugees in Hobart includes the central importance of social, cultural and emotional factors as key to resettlement and belonging. This study is significant in providing a platform for further research and debate by highlighting alternative arguments in relation to attitude towards refugees, identity, belonging and resettlement. It also provides insight to the lived experiences of African refugees in Hobart, which are important for social workers, psychologists and psychiatrists, and others working with the resettlement of refugees.
Thesis Chapter 4 : The Rationale - Thesis and …
Arthur, J. with Bailey, R. (2000) , London: Falmer. 165 + ix pages. Helpful review of the main communitarian themes and what might constitute the ‘communitarian agenda’. Arthur and Bailey bring out some of the contrasting ‘traditions’ of thinking and practice and link these, in particular, to schooling. There is also a discussion of the place of religiously affiliated schools.
Cohen, A. P. (1985) , London: Tavistock (now Routledge). 128 pages. Outstanding exploration of ‘community’ that focuses on it as a cultural phenomenon. Cohen looks at the ways in which the boundaries to communities are symbolically defined and how people become aware of belonging to a community. Chapters examine the ‘classical’ tradition of community and the contribution of the Chicago tradition; symbolizing boundaries; communities of meaning; and the symbolic construction of community.
The Internet Protocol Stack - World Wide Web Consortium
Here I want to suggest that a sense of belonging and the concrete experience of social networks (and the relationships of trust etc. that are involved) can bring significant benefits. However, as we have seen, the sense of attachment and quality of social networks varies greatly between the different ‘communities’ that people name. It could be argued that we should be focusing on enhancing the quality of social networks etc. rather than the creation or strengthening of ‘community’. (This is the line taken by writers such as Stacey 1969). As a way of appreciating the possibilities here I want to look at the idea of – and Putnam’s (2000) impressive exploration and compilation of evidence concerning its health and benefits. From there I want to return to the idea that in meeting with others there is the possibility of communion – and that this is, for many, a highly desirable goal.
The Book of Concord - the Confessions of the Lutheran Church
The nature of the networks within in particular place or grouping is, thus, of fundamental importance when making judgments about ‘communities’ – and the extent to which people can flourish within them. Humans are social animals. Connection and interaction both widen and deepen what we can achieve, and makes possible our individual character. It may even emerge as ‘communion’ (see below).
Human Rights | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Ultimately, it is about more than tackling the obvious aspects of sexism. For female talent to flourish, leave a greater mark on recording history and have the credit it deserves, we need more creative spaces where women, as well as men, are made to feel like they belong. Until its representation of women improves, the recording environment will nudge male creativity forwards while whispering in the ears of females that they are not good enough. And 'girl' will continue to be synonymous with 'fuck-up'.