EFFECTS ON EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS AND IN VITRO TEST SYSTEMS

EVALUATION OF HUMAN HEALTH RISKS AND EFFECTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
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Effects on laboratory animals and in vitro test systems

The authors concluded that the effects of the different test conditions on copper speciation have an important role in determining toxicity; however, factors unrelated to chemical speciation also influenced toxicity.

EFFECTS ON LABORATORY MAMMALS AND  IN VITRO TEST SYSTEMS
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Evaluation of effects on the environment

Flemming & Trevors (1988) studied the effect of copper on nitrous oxide (N2O) reduction in anaerobically incubated freshwater sediment at 15°C.

Concepts and principles to assess risk of adverse effects of essential elements such as copper
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(1984) [Effects of acidification on vegetation,] Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment, 82 pp (Report No.

Effects on Experimental Animals and  In Vitro Test Systems1.7.1.
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Ecotoxicological studies to elucidate environmental effects.

(1975) The acute, lethal effects of ammonia on channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), bluegills (Lepomis macrochirus), and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), Chicago, Illinois, 15 pp (report to Illinois Institute for Environmental Quality, project No.

No treatment-related effect on mortality was observed.

(1969) Effects of ammonia and some of its derivatives on photosynthesis in the blue-green alga, Plectonema boryanum, Chicago, Illinois, University of Chicago, 68 pp (Ph.D.

Environmental issues of sodium hydroxide - SlideShare

Toxicity tests using river water showed reduced survival of Ceriodaphnia dubia in samples from affected areas, but little or no effects from samples from unimpacted areas.

Environmental issues of sodium hydroxide ..

Daphnids were not affected at either treatment level, which was consistent with laboratory toxicity tests with Ceriodaphnia dubia. Moore & Winner (1989) studied the effect of copper (20 and 40 µg Cu/litre) on zooplankton and benthos in enclosure experiments.

It is sometimes thought of as a solution of ammonium hydroxide

Fish growth was significantly reduced and percentage abnormalities increased at the lowest treatment concentration (61 µg Cu/litre) and effects increased with increasing concentration.

Experiments to show factors required by Photosynthesis

No significant effect of copper on egg mortality, larval heart rate and tail movement or whole-body potassium and magnesium content was observed at pH 7.6.