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Hoigne & Bader (1994) described the kinetics of reaction between chlorine dioxide and a wide range of organic and inorganic compounds that are of concern in water treatment.
Future Ammonia Technologies: Plasmas, Membranes, …
intraperitoneal IPCS International Programme on Chemical Safety JECFA Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives LD50 median lethal dose LDH lactate dehydrogenase LDL low-density lipoprotein LOAEL lowest-observed-adverse-effect level MA 3,4-(dichloro)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone MBA monobromoacetic acid/monobromoacetate MCA monochloroacetic acid/monochloroacetate MNU methylnitrosourea MOR mortality odds ratio MRI magnetic resonance imaging MTBE methyl tert-butyl ether MX 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone NADP nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NOAEL no-observed-adverse-effect level NOEL no-observed-effect level NOM natural organic matter NTP National Toxicology Program (USA) 8-OH-dG 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine OR odds ratio PAS periodic acid/Schiff's reagent PBPK physiologically based pharmacokinetic model PFBHA O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)-hydroxylamine p Ka log acid dissociation constant PPAR peroxisome proliferator activated receptor PPRE peroxisome proliferator responsive element RR relative risk SCE sister chromatid exchange SD standard deviation SDH sorbitol dehydrogenase SE standard error SGOT serum glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase SGPT serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase SMR standardized mortality ratio SSB single strand breaks TBA tribromoacetic acid/tribromoacetate TBARS thiobarbituric acid reactive substances TCA trichloroacetic acid/trichloroacetate TCAN trichloroacetonitrile TCPN trichloropropanone TDI tolerable daily intake TGF transforming growth factor THM trihalomethane TOC total organic carbon TOX total organic halogen TPA 12- O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate UDS unscheduled DNA synthesis UV ultraviolet UVA254 UV absorbance at 254 nm Vmax maximum rate of metabolism WHO World Health Organization 1.
Bromide, ammonia, structures containing olefinic double bonds, aromatic hydrocarbons, primary and secondary amines, aldehydes, ketones and carbohydrates are unreactive under the conditions of water treatment.
Michael J Nch Pedersen 978-87-93054 53 0 Fil Fra …
Whether in the synthetic laboratory or in industrial settings, one of the primary goals of modern chemistry is to control the identity and quantity of the products of chemical reactions. For example, a process aimed at synthesizing ammonia is designed to maximize the amount of ammonia produced using a given amount of energy. Alternatively, other processes may be designed to minimize the creation of undesired products, such as pollutants emitted from an internal combustion engine. To achieve these goals, chemists must consider the competing effects of the reaction conditions that they can control.
Benzene Removal - Systems - Chemical Design, Inc.
Dechert & Dekant (1996) found that S-(1-chloromethyl)-GSH reacts with deoxyguanosine to produce S-[1-( N2-deoxyguanosinyl)-methyl]-GSH, and a methylguanosine adduct was also formed from reactions of S-(1-acetoxymethyl)-GSH with model nucleosides (Thier et al., 1993).